328 km NORTH OF KRISTIANSAND AND FOUR AND A HALF HOURS BY CAR
23.08.2012 15 °C
A SUPER HIGHWAY BETWEEN THE TIP OF THE SOUTH WESTERN PENINSULAR OF NORWAY TO OSLO; MADE FOR A REASONABLY QUICK TRIP, MADE LONGER (according to Leanne) BY THE 200,000 OSLONIANS RETURNING TO OSLO AFTER THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. MOST PEOPLE WHO HAVE A SUMMER HOUSE NEAR THE SEA MOVE OUT OF OSLO FOR THE WHOLE OF THE SCHOOL VACATION WHICH IS 2 MONTHS (MID JUNE TO MID AUGUST) .
Before the Freeways and Tollway highways were built to Kristiansand, the trip would take about 7 hours because of the number of fiords to go around and the hairpin roads up and down the steep sides of the rockslopes bordering the fiords. Now the road is nearly level as it hugs the coast for most of the route and it cuts through the mountains with double lane tunnels each way. (For the engineer types, this part of Norway is massive granite and the tunnels are unlined for the most part with support as needed by 'Rock Bolting' , which I am happy to boast was a technique developed by the Snowy Mountains Authority in 1957-8. I was a member of the team who conducted the first field testing of various rock bolts in the Eucumbene-Tumut tunnel. 13 miles long).
On the 328km of road between Kristiansand and Oslo there are 51 tunnels. The shortest is 208 metres long and the longest on that road is 2.3km . Norway has a total of 952 tunnels on major roads, the longest is 24km long with a roundabout and two branching tunnels to other destinations.
July is called the common holiday period and non essential government offices close, private medical surgeries, dentists, trades people, and others who can make an exodus to the south for the sun. the Norwegians make the most of the sun during the short summer period when the temp. gets up to about 28-32 deg. C. and for the most part, cloudless skies. (FOR THE REST OF THE YEAR THEY TAKE VITAMIN D). honest !!.
Oslo, at he top (north) end of the Oslo Fiord has a population of about 450,000 people and the main tourist attractions in central Oslo are the Fram Display museum,the Kon Tiki Centre and Vigeland Park. Today we are going to Vigeland Park, where there are over 200 sculptures by Gustav Vigeland. there are sculptures all over Oslo by him and some others, but by far he is the most featured. (while looking at the overall theme of his sculptures, I have a few thoughts about his personal preferences).
Anyway, here are some of the photos from today. The individual sculptures in Vigeland Park do not have any names on them about what they represent in meanings, so i think a personal interpretation would be in order.
Have fun --- Norma and Jack