A Travellerspoint blog

TRONDHEIM - THE VIKING CAPITAL OF NORWAY

TRONDHEIM CITY WAS A SETTLEMENT IN 899AD AND FOUNDED AS A CITY BY VIKING KING OLAF TRYGGVASON IN 997AD.

rain 9 °C

Olaf was a Viking chief and led many loot, rape and plunder raids to neighbouring countries until he was converted to Christianity about 995 while on a raid to Ireland. He returned to Norway and defeated the then king Haakon who hid with a servant Kark under a pig sty while being pursued by Olafs men.

Olafs men came up to the farm but could not find them. Olaf called his men together and announced a great reward to the man who delivered Haakon to him dead or alive. During the night Haakon fell asleep and Kark cut off his head. Kark delivered the head to Olaf and for his effort was beheaded too.

Olaf returned to Trondheim and was hailed as King. He converted the city to Christianity and had a rather novel method of persuading people to convert. If you did not, you could be be-headed or, chained to a "skerry" (a rock that is covered by water at high tide) at low tide. If you were still alive at the next low tide you were excused. Another method was to tie a non believer spreadeagled on the ground and put a brazier of hot coals on his stomach.

Trohdheim was converted very quickly. Olaf Tryggvason is the Patron Saint of Norway and Oslo also. (look up Olaf Tryggvason on Google).

Norma and spent quite a few pleasant though sometimes rainy hours being shown around Trondheim by Katrina Listau who stayed with us at Little Bay for a while.

THE PRESENT KING OF NORWAY'S RESIDENCE IN TRONDHEIM

THE PRESENT KING OF NORWAY'S RESIDENCE IN TRONDHEIM

NORMA AND ME AT THE KINGS STEPS

NORMA AND ME AT THE KINGS STEPS

THE HAPPINESS BRIDGE ACROSS THE RIVER NIDELVA

THE HAPPINESS BRIDGE ACROSS THE RIVER NIDELVA

PREVIOUS WAREHOUSES IN THE OLD TOWN

PREVIOUS WAREHOUSES IN THE OLD TOWN

ROADS AND FOOTPATHS IN THE OLD TOWN

ROADS AND FOOTPATHS IN THE OLD TOWN

SAME AS OSLO - shallow rainwater drains across the footpath

SAME AS OSLO - shallow rainwater drains across the footpath

MORE OLD BUILDINGS FRONTING THE CANALS JOINING THE RIVER.

MORE OLD BUILDINGS FRONTING THE CANALS JOINING THE RIVER.

SOME ARE STILL DERELICT

SOME ARE STILL DERELICT

TYPICAL BUILDING IN THE MAIN PART OF TOWN

TYPICAL BUILDING IN THE MAIN PART OF TOWN

PART OF THE CATHEDRAL ON THE SPOT WHERE ST. OLAF IS BURIED.

PART OF THE CATHEDRAL ON THE SPOT WHERE ST. OLAF IS BURIED.

TRONDHEIM CATHEDRAL - Commenced in 1250

TRONDHEIM CATHEDRAL - Commenced in 1250

VIEWS ON OUR CRUISE ON THE CANALS AND HARBOUR

VIEWS ON OUR CRUISE ON THE CANALS AND HARBOUR

FOR THE BOATIES

FOR THE BOATIES

MOORED ON THE CANAL

MOORED ON THE CANAL

SO MANY WOODEN BOATS

SO MANY WOODEN BOATS

A VERY NICE KETCH

A VERY NICE KETCH

KRISTIANSEN FORTRESS - BUILT FOLLOWING THE GREAT CITY FIRE OF 1681

KRISTIANSEN FORTRESS - BUILT FOLLOWING THE GREAT CITY FIRE OF 1681

We also had a trip on the fiord and later on went to Hell. But that's another story that will be told on a later blog. After our trip on the canal we had a walk through the business part of town back to our hotel where through the window I took a photo of the high speed catamaran ferries that collect commuters from towns along the fiord for a 30knot trip to work or home.

High speed ferries at the Express Boat Terminal.

High speed ferries at the Express Boat Terminal.

More tomorrow about the Fiord and Hell.

Posted by normaandjack 10:43 Archived in Norway Comments (0)

TRONDHEIM - TOWARDS THE ARCTIC CIRCLE

NORTH BY TRAIN 7.5 HOURS - BACK BY AIR 45 MINUTES

overcast 9 °C

This last weekend Norma and I went to the small city of Trondheim that is about 90km south of the Arctic Circle. Trondheim has a population of 150,000 of which there are about 30,000 students who attend one of the four Universities in the place. I remarked to Katrina, (who was studying there, 'Q' why so many Universities here? - 'A' The cold is condusive to study, stay inside and keep warm - no beaches!. The remark about beaches- Katrina stayed with us at Little Bay. (Sorry Katrina- that was poetic licence)

We left Oslo Rail Station 8.45am (elevation 4.5 metres above sea level- Norwegian abbreviated translation M.O.H. 4.5 - English:" metres up height". A very useful thing about the Norwegian public transport service (which we found excellent) is that each carriage of each train, tram, T- bane, bus, ferry and each tram or bus shelter, T-bane station etc. has an electronic board that displays the Route, the next stop and the time till the next transport arrives plus in the Intercity trains the height of the station above sea level.

The train we travelled on was a 'Tilt Train' that leans on its wheel bogies as it rounds the curves and bends of the track. Which is an advantage as the routes follow the rivers and lakes and cut through tunnels to get to the next valley again as Norway has been put down in great heaps, separated by big rivers and fiords. The fiords vary in length up to 180km long from the sea. Trondheim fiord, 165km long, 600metres deepest point.

Typical valley- from train window

Typical valley- from train window

Raining

Raining

Another valley

Another valley

The only way to travel

The only way to travel

Roads and railways follow the valleys

Roads and railways follow the valleys

Houses and sheds with earth roofing. Many of these!

Houses and sheds with earth roofing. Many of these!

DOMBAS-Station display

DOMBAS-Station display

Mum- having a Pizza from the kiosk on the train.

Mum- having a Pizza from the kiosk on the train.

Typical northern railway station-KONGSVOLL.

Typical northern railway station-KONGSVOLL.

HJERKINN station  1,170metres above sea level.

HJERKINN station 1,170metres above sea level.

another view of Hjerkinn station

another view of Hjerkinn station

No more photos from the train More from Trondheim when we get there .Rain on the windows and in cloud. and temperature dropping

Posted by normaandjack 02:00 Archived in Norway Comments (0)

THE FOLK MUSEUM BY FERRY AND MUNCH MUSEUM

AND AROUND OSLO WITH "THE CARRIAGE" ON THE COBBLESTONES.

overcast 6 °C

On the T-Bane to Aker Brygge (corrected spelling by Leanne) where all the ferry's are based in Oslo and then to Bygdoy by the small tourist ferry that goes to stops at the Folk Museum, the Fram Centre and the Kon Tiki Museum.

This day we went to the Folk Museum that was officially opened in 1889, though some of the building exhibits were moved earlier from the central part of Oslo to this site (which was then the Kings Farm). He, a Swedish King was concerned that a lot of the early historical and medieval buildings were being lost due to other development and people reusing the materials by tearing them down.

There are 158 relocated buildings including the Gol Stave Church, built in 1221, and a complete farm unit from 1420 something. they were relocated before the Folk Museum was opened. It boasts that it was the first open air museum in the world. The small tour ferry. Free, (as well as on buses and trams and ferries for trips within the hour)

The small tour ferry. Free, (as well as on buses and trams and ferries for trips within the hour)

Some more boats on the fiord on the way.

Some more boats on the fiord on the way.

This photo is for you Johnno! have a look at the mooring.

This photo is for you Johnno! have a look at the mooring.

GOL Stave Church. No nails or bolts

GOL Stave Church. No nails or bolts

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IMG_2310

Carved portals of the entry door.

Carved portals of the entry door.


Interior- Original painted Icons

Interior- Original painted Icons

External porticos around the perimeter, a walkway open space to shield the internal holy room from external  evil elements.

External porticos around the perimeter, a walkway open space to shield the internal holy room from external evil elements.


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IMG_2311

Farm buildings from about 1620's. Earth clod roofing that is still used on some suburban houses today.

Farm buildings from about 1620's. Earth clod roofing that is still used on some suburban houses today.


Grain storage (built high above the ground for access when there is 5 feet of snow on the ground

Grain storage (built high above the ground for access when there is 5 feet of snow on the ground


Date carved above the door of the Grain storage hut.

Date carved above the door of the Grain storage hut.

Interior of a 1620 farmhouse, The table is 19 feet long.

Interior of a 1620 farmhouse, The table is 19 feet long.

More interior

More interior

The bedroom (beds are about 5 feet long)

The bedroom (beds are about 5 feet long)


Typical houses of 1700's relocated from central Oslo

Typical houses of 1700's relocated from central Oslo

another street

another street


The main street in 1758

The main street in 1758

Sorry, can't get the Munch photos up. (maybe next blog)

In the meantime, travelling along the Oslo footpaths.

Easy going on the road. Better than the footpath cobblestones.

Easy going on the road. Better than the footpath cobblestones.

More next time. We are off to Trondhiem in the morning by train up the west coast (Fiordland- We've been told the scenery is spectacular.

Jack and Norma

Posted by normaandjack 05:06 Archived in Norway Comments (0)

THE TERRORISTS AROUND OSLO

A DAY OUT ON THE FIORD, VIA FERRY, T-BANE (LONG MULTI CARRIAGE TRAM), BUS and walking !!

sunny 18 °C

Today we had a real tourist trip, to see the sights of Oslo. Leanne was taken along in her wheelchair and I had a real trial navigating the cobblestones and rainwater gutters. The downpipes from the buildings discharge at the base if the building wall. The water then runs across the footpath in a shallow drain about 1 to 2 inches deep. Cracks between the cobblestones and the drains are not very wheelchair friendly.

But no matter !! We negotiated every thing. First of all on the T-Bane to Aker Brigge to board the ferry, (puts the Sydney ferries to shame) Luxurious !! There are five of them on the harbour.IMG_2296

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Two of the ferries waiting at Aker Brigge.IMG_2363.jpgNorma having another coffee (on board).

Norma having another coffee (on board).

IMG_2358.jpgCruise liner tied up at street wharf- (Oslo fiord is nearly 300 metres deep but very narrow

Cruise liner tied up at street wharf- (Oslo fiord is nearly 300 metres deep but very narrow

On the ferry to Nesodden where we hopped on a bus for a trip around that hilly suburb that has striking views over the fiord. Very friendly bus driver pointed out some lookout points and directions about getting back to the ferry wharf . We did and had an ice cream at the cafe and waited for the ferry to return.The ferry wharf at Nesodden

The ferry wharf at Nesodden

After cruising back to Aker Brigge a trip around the central (old) part of Oslo and Aker Schus that is a fort built in 1420 by a Swedish King. Also the spot where Quisling (the sympathiser who ruled Norway for the Nazis during WW11) was shot with his cohorts.

To BKORVIKA, the old container terminal where a massive re-development is taking place. First of all ---- the Opera House which was finished in 2009 as the first part of The Cultural Centre and will also be the site of the new Munch/Stenersen Museum that will feature both artists. ( We visited the Munch museum which is too small to feature all of the paintings that the city has of that artist. I took some photos of some of his work and came to the conclusion that he did not sell many. Oslo city has a collection of over 350. I think he had a Macula problem as he got older.

Now to the Opera House. Built with a sloping paved roof where the public can walk at any time.OSLO OPERA HOUSE.

OSLO OPERA HOUSE.

FROM THE WATER

FROM THE WATER

THE FOYER

THE FOYER

THE FOYER

THE FOYER

ENTRY LEVEL AND US

ENTRY LEVEL AND US

THE STAGE

THE STAGE

TELEPHOTO SHOT OF PART OF THE ORCHESTRA--

TELEPHOTO SHOT OF PART OF THE ORCHESTRA--

AT NIGHT -AFTER THE SHOW

AT NIGHT -AFTER THE SHOW

Back home to Leannes house after the show by T_Bane. More blog to-morrow

Posted by normaandjack 08:53 Archived in Norway Comments (1)

AROUND OSLO AT THE START OF AUTUMN

OUR VISIT TO HOLMENKOLLEN

semi-overcast 18 °C

No wonder the Norwegians are good at cross country skiing, ice skating,ski jumping,downhill skiing, snow clearing .and anything else to do with snow, of which they have plenty each year. and access to the ski areas so close.

This is because:- 1. they have plenty of it each year.
2. ski fields are so close.
3. it is very cold during the winter
(so the snow hangs around for a long time)
4. There is not much else to do in the winter.

From the centre of Oslo, take your skis, boots etc. and your dog if you want to, hop on the T bahn, (which is a multi carriaged electric tram), and 15 minutes later you will arrive at Holmenkollen, which is a suburb. If you don't want to take your dog or your bicycle onto the tram with you thats OK. but to take the dog, you have to buy it a ticket if you want it to sit on the seat next to you, but if it sits on the floor- it is free. Bicycles are free too!

AT THE SKI CENTRE

AT THE SKI CENTRE

GIRL ICE SKATER- ALL THE THINGS YOU CAN DO

GIRL ICE SKATER- ALL THE THINGS YOU CAN DO

Holmenkollen has beautiful views over Oslo, it is the site of the second highest ski jump run in Norway, (one of Four) and has been updated in the last 4 years by the addition if the sloping upwards cantilevered piece to make the run steeper and longer.

IMG_2264

IMG_2264

Looking down the run

Looking down the run

The statue is of King Olaf (father of the present king) and the sloping piece above his head was added.

thats how steep it is (taken from halfway up the side)

thats how steep it is (taken from halfway up the side)

spectator seating and the run

spectator seating and the run

It is a scary view looking down the run.

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IMG_2267

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Details of the records and the construction .

The weather has been great to us while we have been here so far. Most Norwegians have told us that the days were rainy and not so good before we got here and we must have brought the sun with us. (I have taken credit for the fine days whenever I could)

Thats all for now another blog tomorrow

Jack and Norma

Posted by normaandjack 06:39 Archived in Norway Comments (0)

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